What can I find in my water?

For town supply the councils are under government regulations to keep the water quality to a certain level. Unfortunately councils also have to put chlorine in the water to keep the pipes clean, and also they can only get the water to a certain quality with a limited budget and a long way to get the water to your property. Once the water arrives at your gate you don't need the chlorine. Below is a list of common contaminants possible in water with related issues possible.

CONTAMINANTS

SOURCE

PROBLEMS

Arsenic

Geothermal areas

Health problems

Bacteria

Septic tanks, bird and animal feces, back flushing from incorrectly connected W.C. bowls, sewage discharges

Diarrhea, Gastroenteritis

Other waterborne disease

Boron

Geothermal areas

Health problems

Carbon dioxide

Atmosphere and decaying vegetation

Corrosion

Chemicals

Backflow (suck-back) from incorrectly connected dosing equipment, cattle feeding systems, garden hoses dangling in container etc

Health problems depending on the nature of chemical contaminants.

Colour

Decaying vegetation

Appearance

Copper

Dissolved from pipes or taps by aggressive water

Staining, taste

Faecal material

Backflow (suck-back) from incorrectly connected waste disposal equipment animal washdowns, etc

Diarrhea, Gastrointestinal infection

Hardness

Dissolved rocks

Soap demand

Scale formation in kettles and Hot water tanks

Iron

Dissolved rocks, especially in bore water

Taste, Staining, Clogging of pipes and valves

Manganese

Dissolved rocks

Taste, Staining

Nitrates

Fertilisers, clover, Septic tank soakage

Can cause health problems for bottle fed babies

pH

Atmosphere, decaying vegetation, dissolved rocks

Corrosion if too low, Scale forming if too high

Protozoan cysts, eg Giardia

Cryptosporidium

Septic tanks: bird and animal feces on roofs, in streams; sewage discharges

Diarrhea, Protozoan infection

Taste and odour

Algae

Unpleasant to drink, Can be toxic

Turbidity

Dirt

Appearance (usually biologically Contaminated

as well)

Viruses

Sewage, bird and animal feces

Gastroenteritis

Other waterborne diseases